LAFCOs regulate, through approval or denial, the boundary changes proposed by other public agencies or individuals, such as annexations, detachments and incorporations.
SPHERE OF INFLUENCE STUDIES
A "Sphere of Influence" is the physical boundary and service area that a local governmental agency is expected to serve. Establishment of this boundary is necessary to determine which governmental agencies can provide services in the most efficient way to the people and property in any given area.
Through special studies, LAFCO encourages governments to evaluate their current operations and options for reorganization. Local agencies often overlap and have the potential of duplicating services. LAFCOs conduct service studies and consolidation feasibility studies to present alternatives for improving services and reducing operational costs.
INITIATION OF SPECIAL DISTRICT CONSOLIDATIONS
As of July 1, 1994, LAFCOs have the authority to initiate proposals that include the dissolution or consolidation of special districts, or the merging of an existing subsidiary district.
OUT OF AGENCY SERVICE AGREEMENTS
Cities and districts are required to obtain LAFCO’s approval prior to entering into contracts with private individuals or organizations to provide services outside of the agency's boundaries.